By Paul G. Bain,Jeroen Vaes,Jacques Philippe Leyens
What does it suggest to be human? Why do humans dehumanize others (and occasionally themselves)? those questions have just recently began to be investigated in earnest inside psychology. This quantity offers the most recent brooding about those and comparable questions from examine leaders within the box of humanness and dehumanization in social psychology and comparable disciplines. Contributions supply new insights into the background of dehumanization, its differing types, and new theories are proposed for whilst and why dehumanization happens. whereas people’s perspectives approximately what humanness is, and who has it, have lengthy been often called vital in figuring out ethnic clash, members exhibit its relevance in different domain names, together with clinical perform, policing, gender kinfolk, and our courting with the normal surroundings. Cultural alterations and similarities in ideals approximately humanness are explored, in addition to thoughts to beat dehumanization.
In highlighting rising principles and theoretical views, describing present theoretical matters and controversies and how you can unravel them, and in extending examine to new parts, this quantity will impact study on humanness and dehumanization for plenty of years.
By Keith Payne,Herman Meester
Financiële onzekerheid leidt tot irrationeel en roekeloos gedrag
Het verhaal van ongelijkheid is die van de sociale ladder. Wij kijken naar de mensen om ons heen om onze welvaart te bepalen. Een arme Amerikaan zou in India rijk zijn met zijn ijskast en cellphone, maar hij ervaart toch echte armoede. En op het second dat iemand zich arm voelt, is wetenschappelijk aangetoond dat ze beslissingen op de korte termijn – die vaak op de lange termijn verkeerd zijn – gaan nemen.
Keith Payne onderzoekt hoe ongelijkheid binnen onze eigen sociale omgeving ons financieel verdeelt. Maar ook welke ingrijpende gevolgen het heeft op de manier waarop we denken, hoe we reageren op rigidity, hoe onze immuunsystemen functioneren en hoe we morele ideeën, zoals rechtvaardigheid en eerlijkheid, bekijken. Ongelijkheid creëert sociale problemen, zoals een lagere gemiddelde levensverwachting, ernstige gezondheidsproblemen, psychische aandoeningen en criminaliteit.
De gebroken ladder onderzoekt alle fysieke, psychologische en morele effecten van ongelijkheid en geeft zo een helder, maar ook verontrustend beeld over onze wereld in deze tijd.
Keith Payne doceert psychologie aan de Universiteit van North Carolina. Hij publiceerde meer dan zeventig artikelen en hoofdstukken over ongelijkheid en discriminatie. Zijn werk is onder andere gepubliceerd in The Huffington Post, The Atlantic, Scientific American en Psychology Today.
By Karen Ragoonaden,Shawn Michael Bullock,John-Tyler Binfet,Déirdre Ní Chróinín,Tricia DeGraff,Heather M. DeWoody,Thomas Falkenberg,Tim Fletcher,Christopher Gilham,Karen Rut Gísladóttir,Amy Johnson Lachuk,Lu Leng,Amber Strong Makaiau,Mary O'Sullivan,Pamela R
By Alan L. Carsrud,Malin Brännback
By Elena Mustakova-Possardt,Mikhail Lyubansky,Michael Basseches,Julie Oxenberg
This publication explores the concept that of “socially-responsible psychology in a world age” and the way it'd be used to arrange, combine and convey more advantageous concentration a box that has the aptitude to give a contribution to ideas to the world’s so much urgent difficulties. during this quantity, the editors discover the significant and defining positive factors of socially-responsible psychology, demanding situations that this paintings might face, and the mechanisms and methods wherein mental paintings can be synergistically built-in with the paintings of alternative disciplines. For this goal, the quantity additionally examines numerous components at present that restrict psychology in conducting this goal.
By Astrid Berg,David H. Rosen
Available electronically in an open-access, full-text variation from the Texas A&M University Libraries' electronic Repository at http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /146845.
baby psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Astrid Berg states in her advent that “South Africa is a microcosm.” it's a glossy state, but a lot of its population persist with historical traditions. it's a state with a colonial earlier marked via classes of violence, but it has controlled to make a principally peaceable transition to majority rule. it's a state with 11 professional languages embracing a very good range of cultures and customs, and but it's also a land the place public debate is energetic, unfastened, and ongoing. in brief, South Africa is a spot the place connections are being outfitted and maintained—both these between individuals with lengthy kinship and customary tradition, and people who succeed in throughout ancient, racial, and sophistication divides. “The western international is undeniably extra complex in convinced parts of technology and fiscal development,” Berg states, “but in different components it kind of feels to lag at the back of and will research from” locations like South Africa.
In her paintings with young children and babies, Berg has turn into instrumental in construction connections with and between her fellow South Africans of all ethnicities. established upon Berg’s 2010 Fay Lectures in Analytical Psychology at Texas A&M college, Connecting with South Africa: Cultural communique and Understanding is either a self-reflective, subjective account and a systematic discourse on human improvement and intercultural verbal exchange. This quantity might be warmly welcomed not just via psychoanalysts and people attracted to Jungian concept and perform but in addition by means of a person looking more beneficial how you can study from different cultures. Connecting with South Africa offers delicate path for these wishing to discover therapeutic and connection in a fractured society.
By James W. Pennebaker,Dar¡o Paez,Bernard Rim',Dario Paez
Papers approximately collective reminiscence have seemed within the literature lower than diversified guises for the final hundred years. Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents, Jung's rules at the collective subconscious, and McDougall's hypothesis at the crew brain posited that identification and motion may be considered as due to the shared improvement of a tradition. Halbwachs, a French social psychologist (1877-1945) who used to be the 1st to jot down intimately concerning the nature of collective reminiscence, argued that uncomplicated reminiscence methods have been all social. that's, humans consider basically these occasions that they've repeated and elaborated of their discussions with others.
within the final numerous years, there was a resurgence of curiosity during this normal subject since it addresses a few primary questions about reminiscence and social techniques. paintings heavily with regards to those questions offers with the character of autobiographical reminiscence, hectic event and reconstructive reminiscence, and social sharing of thoughts. This publication brings jointly a world crew of researchers who've been empirically learning a few easy tenets of collective memory.
By Marié P. Wissing
This is the 1st ebook to collect examples of analysis in confident psychology / psychofortology carried out within the multi-cultural South African context with its assorted populations and settings. the amount displays simple in addition to utilized health and wellbeing learn within the multicultural South African context, as carried out in a number of contexts and with a number of tools and foci. Theoretical, overview, and empirical learn contributions are made, reflecting positivist to constructivist ways, and comprise quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method techniques. a few findings aid universality assumptions, yet others exposed distinct cultural styles. Chapters record on overall healthiness study performed within the domain names of schooling, paintings, health and wellbeing, and kin, and in scientific, city vs. rural, and unicultural vs. multicultural contexts. reviews span the future health of teenagers, adults, and older humans, and themes contain resilience in contributors, households, and teams, size matters and coping procedures, the function of private and contextual variables, and aspects corresponding to wish, spirituality, self-regulation, and interventions.
By Dubravka Zarkov,Marlies Glasius
This quantity considers the dynamic relatives among the modern practices of foreign felony tribunals and the ways that competing histories, politics and discourses are re-imagined and re-constructed within the former Yugoslavia and past. There are leading edge points of the booklet - one is the point of interest on narratives of justice and their construction, one other is in its comparative point of view. whereas criminal students have tended to investigate transitional justice and the overseas battle tribunals by way of their luck or failure in constructing the proof of struggle crimes, this quantity is going past mere evidence and investigates how the courts create a symbolic house in which competing narratives of crimes, perpetrators and sufferers are produced, circulated and contested. It analyzes how overseas felony legislation and the courts assemble, and in flip produce, wisdom approximately societies in struggle, their histories and identities, and their kin to the broader world.
Moreover, the amount situates narratives of transitional justice in former Yugoslavia either inside of particular nationwide areas - akin to Serbia, and Bosnia - and past the Yugoslav. In this fashion it additionally considers stories from different international locations and different occasions (post-World battle II) to provide a sounding board for re-thinking the meanings of transitional justice and associations inside of former Yugoslavia. incorporated within the volume's insurance is a glance on the Rwandan tribunals, the rigors of Charles Taylor, Radovan Karadzic, the Srebrenica genocide, and different warfare crimes and criminals within the Yugoslav. Finally, it frames all of these narratives and reports in the international dynamics of felony, social and geo-political differences, making it a superb source for social technology researchers, human rights activists, these drawn to the previous Yugoslavia and diplomacy, and criminal scholars.